The language set within brackets or crossed out shows the changes added to or deleted from the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln's Secretary of State, William H. Seward.
qualified voters of such state shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such state, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States.
That attention is hereby called to an Act of Congress entitled "An Act to make an additional Article of War" approved March 13, 1862, and which act is in the words and figure following:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the following
shall be promulgated as an additional article of war for the government
of the Army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as
Article --. All officers or persons in the military or naval service of
the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under
their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitive from ser-
vice or labor, who may have escaped from any persons to whom such ser-
vice or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found
guilty by a court martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from
SEC.2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from
and after its passage.
Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled "An Act to suppress Insurrection, to punish Treason and Rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes," approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figure following:
SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That all slaves of persons who
shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the government of the
United States, or who shall in any way give aid or comfort thereto, escap-
ing from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army;
and all slaves captured from such persons or deserted by them and coming
under the control of the government of the United States; and all slaves
of such persons found [or] being within any place occupied by rebel
forces and afterwards occupied by the forces of the United States, shall
be deemed captives of war, and shall be forever free of their servitude,
and not again held as slaves.
SEC. 10. And be it further enacted, That no slave escaping into any
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, from any other State, shall
be delivered up, or in any way impeded or hindered of his liberty, except
for crime, or some offence against the laws, unless the person claiming said
fugitive shall first make oath that the person to which the labor or service
of such fugitive is alleged to be due is his lawful owner, and has not borne
arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given
aid and comfort thereto; and no person engaged in the military or naval
service of the United States shall, under any pretence whatever, assume
to decide on the validity of the claim of any person to the service or labor
of any other person, or surrender up any such person to the claimant, on
pain of being dismissed from the service.